Types of pathogens are viral, bacterial, fungal, other parasites and prionic (e.g. mycobacterium tuberculosi (a causative agent for most tuberculosis) and Fungus (affect Athlete’s Foot). A pathogen is a harmful organism that causes disease in its host and any foreign organism, which is not part of the body, and presents inside the body, mainly in the blood stream, but antigen is a part of the body. Meanwhile, bacteria is a member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms which have cell walls but lack organelles and an organized nucleus, including some which can cause disease.

To summarize, all Salmonella and Listeria are bacteria, only some of which are pathogenic, by definition.

Bacteria – a member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms which have cell walls but lack organelles and an organized nucleus, including some which can cause disease.

Bacteriophage – a virus that parasitizes a bacterium by infecting it and reproducing inside it.

Cultured Whey – Whey is the liquid that is left over after milk has been curdled and strained. To culture is to maintain (tissue cells, bacteria, etc.) in conditions suitable for growth and proliferation.

Deleterious – causing harm or damage.

Synonyms: harmful, damaging, detrimental, injurious, inimical, hurtful, bad, adverse, disadvantageous, unfavorable, unfortunate, undesirable

Disease – a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury.

Essential Oil – a natural oil typically obtained by distillation and having the characteristic fragrance of the plant or other source from which it is extracted.

Fermentation – the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and the giving off of heat.

HACCP – Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point – HACCP is a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product.

High Pressure Pasteurization (HPP) – Pascalization, bridgmanization, high pressure processing or high hydrostatic pressure processing is a method of preserving and sterilizing food, in which a product is processed under very high pressure, leading to the inactivation of certain microorganisms and enzymes in the food.

Infective Dose – The concept of minimal infective dose has traditionally been used for bacteria that contaminate foods that cause infection in or from the digestive tract. MID was defined as the number of bacteria ingested from which a pathology is observed in the consumer.

Mechanically Separated Meat (MSM) aka Mechanically Deboned Meat (MDM) aka “Pink Slime” – Mechanically separated meat, mechanically recovered/reclaimed meat, or mechanically deboned meat is a paste-like meat product produced by forcing pureed or ground beef, pork, mutton, turkey or chicken, under high pressure through a sieve or similar device to separate the bone from the edible meat tissue.

Ozone – Ozone is the most powerful oxidative agent that occurs naturally. With its extra free radical oxygen molecule, ozone is able to destroy germs, viruses, and microbes that may cause surface or air contaminations.

Pathogen – a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.

Poisonous – (of a substance or plant) causing or capable of causing death or illness if taken into the body.

Synonyms: toxic, deadly, fatal, lethal, mortal, death-dealing, virulent, noxious, environmental unfriendly

Protocol – the official procedure or system of rules governing affairs of state or diplomatic occasions.

Public Health Risk – A public health risk is something that is (or is likely to be) hazardous to human health or could contribute to a disease or an infectious condition in humans.  This includes activities, animals and substances.

The role of local government is to ensure the community is protected from public health risks.  Council is responsible for monitoring and enforcing its own Local Laws and the Public Health Act 2005.

Quantify – Express or measure the quantity of.

Radiation – There are 2 general types of radiation used for sterilization, ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation is the use of short wavelength, high-intensity radiation to destroy microorganisms. This radiation can come in the form of gamma or X-rays that react with DNA resulting in a damaged cell.

Serotype – a serologically distinguishable strain of a microorganism.

Serotyped – assign (a microorganism) to a particular serotype.”Most investigators have made no attempt to serotype the urea plasmas isolated”

Serovar – A serotype or serovar is a distinct variation within a species of bacteria or virus or among immune cells of different individuals. These microorganisms, viruses, or cells are classified together based on their cell surface antigens, allowing the epidemiologic classification of organisms to the sub-species level.